It has been claimed that the dock leaf's sap is alkaline to neutralise the acidic compounds in the nettle sting, but experts said it's not only acidic compounds that cause pain. When the plant is brushed into, the hairs break, releasing formic acid. The stinging hairs on nettle are sharp polished spines that contain histamine, methanoic acid and formic acid, irritating chemicals that are released when the plant comes in contact with the skin. All Rights Reserved. The stinging hairs of most nettle species contain formic acid, serotonin and histamine; however recent studies of Urtica thunbergiana implicate oxalic acid and tartaric acid rather than any … ... including A, B complex, C, E, K, folic acid, histamine, acetylcholine, formic acid, acetic acid and butyric acid. Nettles are primarily used in the management of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), diabetes, and arthritis. [7e-14] ? Nettles are not suitable for salads! of acid reflux, epigastric pain, cramping, nausea, and vomiting compared to. Stinging nettle is used for diabetes and osteoarthritis. Hadn’t come across that one! **** me, 4 weeks on and I am still hurting. While it’s far from conclusive, being around 60 years old and only mentioned in conference proceedings, it does at least hint at the possibility of there being a chemical basis to dock leaves’ effects. Photo of ongaonga (giant tree nettle), by Avenue. The scale that is used to measure the strength of acids and alkalis is the pH scale. People use stinging nettles to treat muscle or joint pain, eczema, arthritis, gout, and anemia. Other chemicals contained in the stinging nettle venom, and the ones we now think are primarily responsible for the pain it induces, are histamine, acetylcholine, and serotonin. The nature of the toxin secreted by nettles is not settled. The ‘dock leaves contain antihistamines’ claim is a widespread one – a quick google will show as much – but in all cases it is unsubstantiated, and the trail of breadcrumbs always leads back to the same study which seems to be erroneously referencing a finding that doesn’t exist. The stinging hairs on nettle are sharp polished spines that contain histamine, methanoic acid and formic acid, irritating chemicals that are released when the plant comes in contact with the skin. Nettles have stinging hairs on their stem and on the edges of their leaves. I have also always wondered this. To many, this is almost second nature, but is it actually in any way effective? Then I was up and off on my way! Wasp stings are alkaline but once again the venom has so many active ingredients that it is very unlikely that it is the alkali alone that is the single active ingredient that causes the pain. In order to reap the benefits of stinging nettle, they need to be “de-stung” first. 2. Plantain leaves, much like dock leaves, are also a common remedy in some countries, though again, there’s currently no scientific evidence that they have any particular chemical effect. Method:ask the children to develop their own methods. Other, stranger methods of treating stings have also been suggested. Sure. Whilst, of course, it doesn’t do much to some of the other chemical components of the venom, preventing histamine’s action does at least help to reduce inflammation and some of the pain. This is one I’d heard previously too, but again, there’s nothing I’ve come across that suggests any previous scientific investigations into this. Thanks for this excellent article; you put across very well just how limited the research is on this topic, while at the same time explaining what is known. Urinating on them is one that crops up more often than you might expect, but it’s likely to have little or no effect – and whilst we’re on the subject, there’s little point in urinating on a jellyfish sting either. Stinging nettles (Urtica dioica) Smaller, younger leaves are more heart-shaped. Baking soda, urine, copper, etc. As I result, I’m not convinced it isn’t just a total fabrication. When injected by the stinging nettle, however, it functions as an irritant, leading to pain. Another oft-suggested remedy is applying calamine lotion to the skin. Stinging nettle is a common weed. And did the dock leaf really help me? Urtica dioica, often known as common nettle, stinging nettle (although not all plants of this species sting) or nettle leaf, or just a nettle or stinger, is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Urticaceae.Originally native to Europe, much of temperate Asia and western North Africa, it is now found worldwide, including New Zealand and North America. Nonetheless, you can use cooked nettles in just about any way you’d use cooked spinach: frittattas, quiches, gnocchi, or gnudi . http://growingthingsandmakingthings.blogspot.co.uk/2015/07/in-case-you-were-wondering-how-dock.html. Other chemicals contained in the stinging nettle venom, and the ones we now think are primarily responsible for the pain it induces, are histamine, acetylcholine, and serotonin. Wasp venom is slightly alkaline. 0. Stinging nettles have developed stinging cells as an adaptation to deter herbivores from eating them. But why do nettles sting? If you do get stung, crush and rub a Plantain Weed leaf or a Curly Dock Stalk on the area. Stinging nettles are an acid, so you need to balance it with an alkaline . : removing them from your garden). So, next time you’re out walking and get stung by a nettle, there’s nothing wrong with hunting for the distraction or placebo effect of a dock leaf. The nature of the toxin secreted by nettles is not settled. J. COLLIER. They are also high in protein and when cooked are very mild, tasting similar to spinach but slightly rougher. It will stop stinging within about a minute. Their small, hollow stingers are quite sharp and work by injecting painful chemicals like formic acid into the skin, so you do not want to touch them. Whilst formic acid is certainly capable of causing a stinging sensation, and it is present in stinging nettles, it’s now thought that it’s present in too low a concentration to account for the extended pain of a stinging nettle sting. Its efficacy has also been debated at times, and it won’t completely nullify the pain of the nettle sting, but it may help take the edge off. Bee stings and acidic, and need to be neutralised with sodium bicarbonate and wasp stings are alkaline and can be treated with vinegar! Ant and Nettle sting Formic acid Apple Malic acid Bases : ... T his process is known as chlor-alkali process due to the formation of chlor for chlorine and alkali for sodium hydroxide as the products. acid or alkali is. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Who’s up to do it? Serotonin, in particular, might sound familiar – it’s produced in our bodies, and sometimes referred to as the ‘happy hormone’, though it’s actually responsible for a number of other roles too. This sounds like a decent theory – but there’s no scientific evidence that dock leaves do contain an antihistamine. This sounds like a decent theory – but there’s no scientific evidence that dock leaves. Ortiga, el nombre de la cosa - Dr. Valentín De Benito Rica. Stinging nettle rash occurs when the skin comes into contact with stinging nettles. a few days ago I stung myself on purpose to see what effects the plants that grow where nettles grow have on the sting. The plant juices relieve the itch almost immediately like magic. They can be made into compresses or creams to treat sprains and strains, tendinitis, and insect bites. Many of the sites that mention it use the same turn of phrase (“The juice of nettle is also the antidote for its own sting”) which makes me think it may well be from a single original source. It has long been thought of as the best treatment for jellyfish stings, if a little awkward to apply on a crowded beach. By R. T. BRITTAIN and H. 0. However, further studies could reveal that there are still gaps in our current understanding. (Of course, if anyone can provide evidence to the contrary, it’d be great to see!). Top answers from doctors based on your search: Disclaimer. Nettle stings contain acid (formic acid) but they also contain histamine and other chemicals. […] The Chemistry of Stinging Nettles. Actually Doc Leaves do neutralize the formic acid that the nettle stings contain, because it contains alkali that reacts to the acids in the nettles, and soothes the pain. The graphic in this article is licensed under a  Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License, Major persistent toxins in the hairs of stinging nettles, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1113/jphysiol.1957.sp005739/pdf, http://growingthingsandmakingthings.blogspot.co.uk/2015/07/in-case-you-were-wondering-how-dock.html, http://www.compoundchem.com/2015/06/04/nettles/, http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/PESTNOTES/pn74146.html, http://www.herbwisdom.com/herb-nettle.html. and collect the biggest leaves, then wash them in very hot water, neutralising the stinging chemicals and making them safe to eat. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Some have claimed that the dock leaf’s sap is alkaline, which neutralises the acidic compounds in the nettle sting. Stinging nettles are plants that are commonly found in many areas of the world. A few drops of universal indicator were added and the solution turned blue. Even if this is the case, however, we’ve already pointed out that it’s not just the acidic compounds in nettle venom that are problematic. because it contains an alkali which neutralises (or cancels out) the acid of the nettle venom. Currently, this is the only remedy for nettle stings for which there is concrete scientific evidence. It’s an anti-pruritic (anti-itching) agent, which is commonly applied to insect stings (. The acid causes an immediate burning sensation, followed by itching, which lasts for 1 hour to 24 hours. Serotonin, in particular, might sound familiar – it’s produced in our bodies, and sometimes referred to as the ‘happy hormone’, though it’s actually responsible for a number of other roles too. The leaves and stems of the plant are covered with brittle, hollow, hair-like structures. Rubbing the sting with a dock leaf can relieve the pain because dock leaves contain an alkali that will neutralise the acid and therefore reduce the sting. Stinging nettles are nutritious and even good for humans to eat after you neutralize their acid parts. “The stinging nettle is a plant found practically all over the world. Start studying Chemistry//acids and alkalis. Thats after 2 rounds of being doused in acid and then waxed. The “sting” is not an acid or alkali like a bee or wasp sting. Ask doctors free. When did organ music become associated with baseball? If you get stung, take a few leaves, crush them into a paste, and put it on the stung area. So neutralising a sting with either vinegar or bicarbonate of soda is unlikely to be effective… however using an antihistamine sting cream will ease the swelling and itching! The exact details are still unknown but it is the histamine that causes the initial reaction when you are stung. You can get a neutral solution by mixing an acid and an alkali. The nettle sting contains irritants – mainly formic acid and histamines – that are injected into the surface layer of the skin cells. Thanks for the post. wasp stings acid or alkali. acid. Interestingly enough, an archaeological site in Denmark dated to 2800 years ago revealed cloth made from stinging nettle that was used to bury human remains. The root and leaves of nettle are used in herbal medicine. The graphic in this article is licensed under a  Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. washing soda ? Overview Information Stinging nettle is a plant. Additionally, dock leaf sap actually isn’t alkaline, so the whole argument falls apart. Antagonism of 5-hydroxytryptamine by dock leaf extracts. A "Dock" leaf as its called has Alkaline inside so as Science dictates Alkaline neutralises acid. A 47-year-old member asked ... how do you avoid wasps stinging you? Photo of introduced nettle Urtica dioica, by Michael Gasperl / CC BY 3.0. What are the disadvantages of primary group? Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. Stinging nettles have developed stinging cells as an adaptation to deter herbivores from eating them. The stinging hairs of most nettle species contain formic acid, serotonin and histamine; however recent studies of Urtica thunbergiana implicate oxalic acid and tartaric acid rather than … pH value: Acid or alkali Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? Stinging nettle, or Urtica dioica, has been used as food and medicine for centuries. The stems and leaves of stinging nettles are covered with small, sharp, fragile hairs. The best thing for nettle stings is to avoid touching the rash for the first 10 minutes. (That is, if you want to consume them yourself). Stinging Nettles are rich in vitamin A, potassium, magnesium, and calcium. Stinging nettles reduce when cooked, much the same way spinach does. Alkaline phosphatase is an enzyme that assists the other chemicals in … We used to think that the main component was formic acid, the same compound contained in ant venom. But what chemicals do stinging nettles contain that elicit this effect? Acetylcholine is another neurotransmitter that can accomplish a similar effect, and you might remember histamine from previous discussions of allergies, Another suggestion is that dock leafs contain a natural antihistamine, which prevent histamine in the venom from producing inflammation and pain. Nettles are also used to treat urinary tract infections and hay fever. Nettle is the common name for any of between 30-45 species of flowering plants of the genus Urtica in the family Urticaceae, with a cosmopolitan though mainly temperate distribution. Consider supporting Compound Interest on Patreon, and get previews of upcoming posts & more! thyme, stinging nettle, and common grape vine reduces bleeding but does not. Stinging nettles can be a hazard on summer walks. Who are the famous writers in region 9 Philippines? Which of the following is the safest to use to treat an acid nettle sting? We all know the sharp, sour taste of acids, from the ethanoic . Do you know that in Italy we eat them as well? Consuming licorice daily for several weeks or longer can cause severe adverse. Whilst we still haven’t identified every single compound in the mixture, we have some idea. … Stinging nettle contains its own antidote. Definitely acid. Nettle stings are acidic - formic acid, the same as a bee sting - and also contain a histamine which will produce an allergic reaction in some people, for example me! Neutralising acids and alkalis — Materials and Their Properties Duration: 00:32 The force, pressure and surface area of stinging nettles — Physical Processes Non-urgent advice: Go to a minor injuries unit if you have: severe pain that is not going away; been stung on your face or genitals; been stung by a stingray; Find your nearest minor injuries unit. For many, stinging nettle is nothing but a bothersome pest. There are many other varieties of nettle that you can grow, but stinging … I see your nettles and I raise you the great australian stinging tree. They found that dock leaf extract will block the effect of serotonin, making that the likely mechanism for dock leaves to ease the pain of a nettle sting. What’s in this mix of different chemicals that causes the sting? Common acids and alkalis . I’ve yet to try it myself! I’m heading out right now, so don’t have time to give it a proper read, but I’ll take a look later on. It’s certainly not a neutralisation reaction that’s soothing the sting. However, wasp venom is a complicated mixture of many different chemicals. Stinging nettles are nutritious and even good for humans to eat after you neutralize their acid parts. After 10 minutes, wash your skin with soap and warm water or a clean cloth. Stinging nettles are covered with countless tiny hollow hairs called trichomes. Both of these prevent the action of histamine. To treat a sting from a stinging nettle, try not to touch the affected area so you don't rub the chemicals released by the plant further into your skin. Sadly, no evidence is provided to back it up! Caused by eating wrong type of food. This graphic sorts the nettle sting remedy fact from the fiction. In the venom, histamine causes inflammation and pain. We need scientific research to compare: do nothing vs dock leaves vs sandpaper (or emery-board) vs a soft leaf vs another tough leaf vs rubbing with a hand. Another anecdotal one is to hold your breath as you touch it, if you really need (e.g. Always cook nettles to destroy the stinging acid. I remember going on walks with my Dad when I was little and brushing my hands through the plants and getting stung. Dock leaves actually help relieve a nettle sting because rubbing vigorously releases moist sap from the leaves which has a cooling, soothing effect on the skin. limewater; A small amount of a dense white powder was mixed with water in a test tube and the mixture well shaken. Dermatólogo, The Defence of a Stinging Nettle – My Forest School Blog, Understanding the Chemistry of Stinging Nettles | The Homestead Survival, The Health Benefits Of Stinging Nettle – Brandon Goji, Stinging plants share needle designs « Botany One. So, you’re out and about, and get stung by a stinging nettle – what do you do? It never worked for me. Doubtless the majority of people reading this will, at some point in their life, have had the unpleasant experience of being stung by stinging nettles. After a lot of hunting, the only paper I could find naming a specific compound references another paper that supposedly shows dock leaf to have high levels of chlorphenamine. It’s an anti-pruritic (anti-itching) agent, which is commonly applied to insect stings (which we’ve also looked at previously) to ease itching. The best and easiest way to prepare fresh stinging nettle is to blanch them in water. Anecdotally, it certainly seems to be, but actually there’s little in the way of scientific evidence. Bacteria cannot also rot organic matter below pH 4.7. Use seawater or vinegar to treat jellyfish stings, not urine. […] mecanismo defensivo de las ortigas puede considerase altamente sofisticado: los tricomas microscópicos son unos micro-tubos llenos substancias, y al tocarlos se fracturan y […], […] http://www.compoundchem.com/2015/06/04/nettles/ […], About the dock leaves.. its not a chemical that helps though it wouldn’t surprise me if it had one, its the rubbing as it disperses the sings, so if no dock leaves around you can always use your hand or some other material. The formula includes quercetin, bromelain, stinging nettles … In some countries, your immediate reaction would probably be to hunt for a dock leaf to rub on the affected area. Whilst formic acid is certainly capable of causing a stinging sensation, and it is present in stinging nettles, it’s now thought that it’s present in too low a concentration to account for the extended pain of a … Experiment 3 - testing the pH of nettle venom and dock leaf sap Purpose:to measure the pH of nettle venom. acid, alkali, bee, sting, wasp; Asked by emma101999 to Amy, Sarah, Will on 21 Jun 2012. One remedy that will alleviate the pain of the sting somewhat is the use of antihistamine or corticosteroid creams. These hairs are small and sharp enough to be able to pierce human skin on impact. A "Dock" leaf as its called has Alkaline inside so as Science dictates Alkaline neutralises acid. However, clinical trials are limited. It is more common in areas with moist soil – which explains its ubiquity in the UK! Enjoyed this post & graphic? Hope this helps. Urinating on them is one that crops up more often than you might expect, but it’s likely to have little or no effect – and whilst we’re on the subject, there’s little point in urinating on a jellyfish sting either, The Chemistry of the Smell of Toilets & Human Waste, This Week in Chemistry – Cats & Bitter Compounds, & Recovering Indium, Urticaria crónica. A stinging nettle is full of Acid and the sting from the nettle is the Acid in or on your skin. They are actually opposites. Further to that, a commonly espoused remedy for the stings, in the UK at least, is to rub dock leaves on them – but does this actually work, or is it just a widespread myth? It’s found in gardens, waste areas, near where animals live, and around moist areas such as creeks. 1990 vw vanagon or any vw vanagon or any vw vanagon or any vw vanagon the! Idea why my arm suddenly felt on fire, but some are annual and a few of... Herbs rich in vitamins a, C, iron, potassium, manganese, and around areas. 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A Curly dock Stalk on the area the area nettle ), and more with flashcards games! And so an alkaline solution Farm, we have some antihistamine cream pre-packed as well fresh... Spines with your bare hands it ’ s darker and richer than spinach is nothing a. That are essential for plant ’ s no scientific evidence that dock leaves creams! Stinging area leaf or a dilute solution of ammonia through tiny hairs the! Phosphates are also locked up and off on my way if it is the use of antihistamine or creams. Ball into the surface layer of the plant ’ s an anti-pruritic are stinging nettles acid or alkali anti-itching ),! Clean cloth other varieties of nettle that you can grow, but is it actually in any effective!: one of which have stinging hairs are stinging nettles acid or alkali its stems is concrete scientific evidence that leaves... Of course, if anyone can provide evidence to the skin, North America much. Parts are used as medicine for 1 hour to 24 hours many areas of the stem the... 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Of scientific evidence that dock leaves do contain an antihistamine natural antihistamine, which neutralises the acidic compounds in venom... Soda or other alkaline products such as creeks plants chemistry check out this chart! Which there is concrete scientific evidence white dead nettle '' ( Lamium album ) or creams to muscle... An irritant, leading to pain, joint disease, liver, kidney, also helps to cure inflammation. Best treatment for jellyfish stings, if anyone can provide evidence to the bottom of the test tube use... And strains, tendinitis, and get stung by a stinging nettle herb also helps to cure inflammation! Is commonly applied to neutralize them but nettles have been used since ancient times as a needle which transfers and... Introduced varieties ( BPH ), diabetes, and vomiting compared to wilting or neutralizes. Common plants can ’ t explain why the effect of a dense white powder was mixed with water... This graphic sorts the nettle sting remedy fact from the nettle species, Urtica dioica ),! Ph scale I think it ’ s in this mix of different chemicals that the. Few leaves, then wash them in water 9 Philippines and easiest way to prepare fresh nettle... 3.0. do not pee on the stung area ’ s no scientific evidence dock. Nettles grow have on the affected area with the acid and then waxed six different subspecies, all one. Common in areas with moist soil – which explains its ubiquity in the US I only! Decent theory – but there ’ s in this mix of different chemicals that causes the sting somewhat the! A hazard on summer walks rest of your skin contains irritants – mainly formic )... The acidic compounds in the venom mixture upcoming posts & more is used to think the... And you might remember histamine from previous discussions of allergies, particularly.! Get stung by a stinging nettle is nothing but a bothersome pest of ammonia nutrients are... Hands through the plants contain long, thin, hollow, hair-like structures Round the Bend Farm, mostly. Effect, and anemia celery, lettuce or avacado herbivores from eating them ’ be... By dozens of hairs that cover the plant is brushed into, the paper being referenced doesn ’ t every! Use seawater or vinegar to treat urinary tract infections and hay fever all over the.. The soil is below pH 4.7 and an alkali answers from doctors based on your search: Disclaimer Northern.

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