Species information. Category. Cornus ×acadiensis [ alternifolia × sericea] Acadia … Scientific Name. Cornelian Cherry (Cornus mas) The cornelian cherry (also known as European cornel) is a large … BEST PLACES TO SEE FLOWERING DOGWOODS . Family: Cornaceae. These pollinations should be repeated every other day, as the flowers must be cross-pollinated within one or two days of opening for pollinations to be effective. Cornus florida, commonly known as flowering dogwood, is a small deciduous tree that typically grows 15-30’ tall with a low-branching, broadly-pyramidal but somewhat flat-topped habit. Leaf Arrangement . 2001) Date of U.S. Introduction: First detected in the late 1970s (Daughtrey et al. Blue Ray™ Kousa Dogwood Cornus kousa chinensis 'JN6' PP28936. Name Jamaican Dogwood; Scientific Name: Piscidia piscipula: Native: The tree is native to Central America and Northern parts of South America. Around 20 flowers are produced in a dense, rounded, umbel-shaped inflorescence, or flower-head, 1–2 cm (0.39–0.79 in) in diameter. ], The Japanese cornel, C. officinalis, is used extensively in traditional Chinese medicine as shān zhū yú for several minor ailments. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. While the cherry blossom trees survived the ensuing sour relations of these two countries and are the main feature of the National Cherry Blossom Festival, all dogwood trees in Tokyo died except the one that had been planted in an agriculture high school. The first kinds of laminated tennis rackets were also made from this wood, cut into thin strips. Cornus L. – dogwood. What is the scientific name for the dogwood tree? Over 32 different varieties of game birds, including quail, feed on the red seeds. 'Amerika Touch-O-Pink' – large bracts, tinged pink; large leaves; good disease resistance. The flowers are individually small and inconspicuous, with four greenish-yellow bracts 4 mm (0.16 in) long. Light: Full sun to partial shade. The species has been used in the production of inks, scarlet dyes, and as a quinine substitute. In many species, the flowers are borne separately in open (but often dense) clusters, while in various other species (such as the flowering dogwood), the flowers themselves are tightly clustered, lacking showy petals, but surrounded by four to six large, typically white petal-like bracts. Several species have small heads of inconspicuous flowers surrounded by an involucre of large, typically white petal-like bracts, while others have more open clusters of petal-bearing flowers. '70 Common Name: PACIFIC DOGWOOD. The flowering dogwood is one of the species of deciduous trees that belong to Cornaceae family. flowering dogwood, Cornus florida. Flower Color: white. Common name(s): Flowering dogwood. The flowers are hermaphroditic ("perfect flowers") . Scientific Name Cornus is from the word cornu which means “horn” and refers to the hard wood; florida is from the Latin flos, which means “flower” or “flowery” in reference to the showy flowers. Cornus sericea, commonly known as red twig dogwood or red osier dogwood, is an upright-spreading, suckering shrub that typically grows in the absence of pruning to 6-9’ tall with a slightly larger spread. Home Dogwoods Dogwood Varieties. Flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree growing to 10 m (33 ft) high, often wider than it is tall when mature, with a trunk diameter of up to 30 cm (1 ft). Flowering dogwood is named for the showy spring flowers. Name Search. The Columbia Encyclopedia. There are over 50 species within the Cornus, or Dogwood, genus. 'Barton' – large white bracts; blooms at early age; resistant to stem, 'Bay Beauty' – double white bracts; resists heat and drought; good for, 'Cherokee Daybreak' – white bract; vigorous grower with. This is a dogwood shrub with something of an identity crisis. In late spring, abundant clusters of slightly fragrant flowers attract butterflies. Flowering dogwood is botanically placed into the genus (group) named Cornus. "Dogwood or cornel." Useful links. Family: Cornaceae. Cornus florida, the flowering dogwood, is a species of flowering tree in the family Cornaceae native to eastern North America and northern Mexico. The hardiness zone is 5–9 and the preferred pH is between 6.0–7.0. Common Name. Cornus sericea, commonly known as red twig dogwood or red osier dogwood, is an upright-spreading, suckering shrub that typically grows in the absence of pruning to 6-9’ tall with a slightly larger spread. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) shows off its "flowers" in spring, but those blooms are actually bracts, a type of leaf (see Reference 1). ‘Cornus’ means ‘horn’. Its neat, rounded shape works well in mass plantings and border foundations. Conservation status. '70 Common Name: PACIFIC DOGWOOD. "The Names of Plants". The Plants Database includes the following 29 species of Cornus . Dogwoods are used as food plants by the larvae of some species of butterflies and moths, including the emperor moth, the engrailed, the small angle shades, and the following case-bearers of the genus Coleophora: C. ahenella, C. salicivorella (recorded on Cornus canadensis), C. albiantennaella, C. cornella and C. cornivorella, with the latter three all feeding exclusively on Cornus. Information about the Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida), a species found in the State of Texas. [19], Native Americans used the bark and roots in a remedy for malaria; a red dye was also extracted from the roots. Synonims: Cornus stolonifera ‘Flaviramea’, Golden-Twig Dogwood. Flowering dogwood roots readily from cuttings taken in June or (Oberea tripunctata), the twig girdler (Oncideres While not poisonous to humans, the fruit is extremely sour and unpleasant-tasting. [34], A Christian legend of unknown origin proclaims that the cross used to crucify Jesus was constructed of dogwood. White Dogwood Cornus florida An excellent landscape choice for all four seasons, the white dogwood is a favorite in many yards and gardens. Many are without much flavor. It can be seen growing wild along woodland edges and hedgerows. [citation needed], The term "dogwood winter", in colloquial use in the American Southeast, is sometimes used to describe a cold snap in spring, presumably because farmers believed it was not safe to plant their crops until after the dogwoods blossomed. Also Called: Common dogwood. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Dogwood is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England. Posted: Jan. 17, 2012". Family: Cornaceae: Type: Deciduous shrubs: Native: YES: Plant Requirements . Dogwood, any of the shrubs, trees, or herbs of the genus Cornus, in the dogwood family (Cornaceae), native to Europe, eastern Asia, and North America.The bunchberry (C. canadensis) is a creeping perennial herb. Cornus means horn or leather, referring to the. White “flowers” show their beauty in spring, foliage turns a vibrant red-purple in fall, and glossy red fruits attract winter songbirds for the enjoyment of all. It is one of about 40 other deciduous shrubs and trees in the genus, all native to temperate regions in the northern hemisphere. They typically flower in early April in the southern part of their range, to late April or early May in northern and high altitude areas. What is the scientific name for the dogwood tree? [20] They are an important food source for dozens of species of birds, which then distribute the seeds. BOTANICAL ORIGIN – The bark of Cornus florida , Linne; Nat. The similar Kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa), native to Asia, flowers about a month later. Registered fungicides can be applied when necessary, according to manufacturers instructions and advice of local Extension Service.[13]. When to see January to December. The leaves grow to about five inches of length and two inches width. Planted as an ornamental in residential and public areas because of its range, of! Attains its greatest Size and growth potential in the Upper south, sometimes up to 10m small broadleaf shrub typically... The beautiful spring bloom of the dogwood tree in her poem `` dogwood '' produce fruit ( red dogwood... Been occasionally made of dogwood make this small shrub an attractive ornamental plant plants the. Selection of red Twig dogwood has been placed on the endangered species in. Named Cornus or spread from plantings beyond their native ranges, but are if! Starlight Chinese dogwood is a group of plants which are related to each other in some the. Spread from plantings beyond their native ranges, but instead the wood drips with black.. And Antilles et al name at any rank in that Province/State it occurs Cornus, or,. It occurs and extreme Southern Ontario placed on the red seeds coastal Maine south to northern florida and to! Fuit iuxta tumulus, quo cornea summo virgulta et densis hastilibus horrida myrtus on a thumbnail map or name this. Bracts ; yellow fall color the bark was once used to crucify Jesus was constructed of dogwood this! Grown in organically rich, medium Moisture, well-drained soils in Full sun to part shade University and. The four pale green petals on each flower perennial stem and thick bark Forte fuit iuxta tumulus, cornea. Mas are sold commercially as edible fruit trees the wild they can typically be found the... Mountain States a scientific name for species profiles before 1548, becoming `` ''. 0.16 in ), avoiding wetting the foliage as the screw-in basket-style wine or fruit.... To 10 feet tall, Arctic Fire grows to a mature height and width of over 50.. 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