Photo: Genna Roland, Andreas Kalvig Anderson and Karsten Bidstrup. Belief in Antarctica’s existence goes back to the 1st century AD. There was no rain there for 2 million years! Scientists have special permits for drones to study the environment and even wildlife. With all of that fresh water held in the ice sheet, how could Antarctica be a desert? Since Antarctica is covered by ice, large amounts of solar radiation reflects away from Earth’s surface. It is one of the most extraordinary places to visit in the world. In 2003, marine biologist Kirsty Brown died after getting attacked by a Leopard Seal in Antarctica. Satellites are the only reliable way to communicate to and from Antarctica. Melting caused by the rising temperatures somewhat mild at present, but it is gradually increasing. By far the coldest continent, Antarctica has winter temperatures that range from −128.6 °F (−89.2 °C), the world’s lowest recorded temperature, measured at Vostok Station (Russia) on July 21, 1983, on the high inland ice sheet to −76 °F (−60 °C) near sea level. 8. In fact, it is the southernmost, coldest, iciest, driest, windiest, most remote, and most recently discovered continent. Antarctica holds most of the world’s fresh water Study shows that the Transantarctic Mountains have rich coal deposits. Antarctica is the best place to go searching for meteorites if you ever find yourself there that is. There are plenty of interesting facts about the southernmost continent. Most parts of Antarctica have the ice cap climate. The Emperor penguins are the only penguin species breeding on Antarctica. However, another detail is how much this adds and subtracts to Antarctica’s surface area. However, the Grand Canyon is 1.9 km deep, while the West Antarctic Rift is only 1.5 km deep. Conversely, during the summer months the sun does not set in Antarctica, which means it actually receives more sunlight than the equator during that time frame. What would be rain falls as snow instead, but not very much of that falls either, Antarctica is classed as a desert as so little snow falls, it's just that being so cold, it doesn't go anywhere and so builds up until it's kilometers thick. The extreme cold also keeps other species like ants from ever surviving in Antarctica. The marathon first took place in 1995 and continues to this day. This means the ice forms on top of the land instead of on top of the water, as is the case in much of the west. The Norwegian-Swedish whaling ship the Antarctic made the first landing on Antarctica in 1895. 8. The most recent eruption was in 1972 and continued until 1992. 14. Pam Young, Jean Pearson, Lois Jones, Eileen McSaveney, Kay Lindsay and Terry Tickhill became the first women to reach the south pole in 1969. The Penguin: Seven Facts About Antarctica’s Most Iconic Bird by Robert C. Brears Blog There are 17 species of penguin, some of which are found as far north as the equator, but only eight penguin species can be seen in Antarctica and the sub-Antarctic islands: chinstraps, emperors, Adélies, gentoos, kings, Magellanics, rockhoppers, and macaronis. Antarctica is the fifth-largest of the seven continents and it doubles in size during the winter due to the sea ice that forms along its coastline. Facts About Antarctica Antarctica is that the only continent without reptiles. It means southern land in Latin. That makes Antarctica one of the most mysterious places on Earth - it's an icy, remote, permafrost desert with many secrets that are yet to be unraveled. (1, 2) 2. Scientists exploring this southerly landmass have reported... 3. There are cracks and rifts in the ice, many of them hidden by thin ice that cover a fall of hundreds of meters. Scientists attribute the strange color to the iron deposits underneath the lake, with flowing with the water. The continent is divided into East Antarctica (which is largely composed of a high ice-covered plateau) and West Antarctica (which is largely an ice sheet covering an archipelago of mountainous islands). Melting of ice sheets don’t add to ocean levels, as they’re already part of the global balance. It is characterized with dry and cold weather. What’s bigger than a giant? Shares. Measuring 295 km long and 37 km wide, the iceberg had a surface area of 11,000 km². There is just one insect species native to Antarctica called Belgica Antarctica. Definitely one of the more mind-boggling Antarctica facts. Since his historic passage through the birth canal, only 10 other people have been born on the continent. yasir says: August 24, 2018 at 10:16 pm #5. Despite all that, life still found a way to survive in such a hard land. Photo: Audun Dahl. How’s that for unique Antarctica facts? 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