Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download. Hell. The Feast of Orthodoxy (also knowns as the Sunday of Orthodoxy or the Triumph of Orthodoxy) is celebrated on the first Sunday of Great Lent (six Sundays before Pascha) in the liturgical calendar of the Eastern Orthodox Church and of the Byzantine Rite Eastern Catholic Churches. 11. The Iconoclastic Controversy was fueled by the refusal of many Christian residents outside the Byzantine Empire, including many Christians living in the Islamic Caliphate, to accept the emperor's theological arguments. On Sunday February 12/25, 2018, the Jerusalem Patriarchate celebrated the victory and triumph of the Church through the restoration of the holy icons, after the harassment caused by iconoclasm, during the reign of the reverend Empress Theodora Augusta and her son Emperor Michail III, in 842. In Greek Orthodox churches the Creed is normally recited by the cantors in the Divine Liturgy, but on the Sunday of Orthodoxy especially it is often recited by a lay member of the congregation who is a secular official; it is a prerogative offered to the head of State, if present, in continuation of the same privilege held by the Emperors. The first Sunday is called the Feast of the Triumph of Orthodoxy. +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York. APA citation. The Catholic Encyclopedia. Forgeries. Upon the death of Theophilus in 842, Theodora came to power as the regent for her son Michael and ended the iconoclastic policies of her husband in 843 with the backing of a church council. A perpetual feast on the anniversary of that day was ordained by the Synod of Constantinople, and is one of the great feasts of … //. My email address is webmaster at newadvent.org. The Liturgy's Prokeimenon and alleluia verses as well as the Epistle and Gospel readings appointed for the day continue to reflect this older usage. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Douglas J. Potter. This Synodikon begins with the memory of certain saints, confessors, and heroes of the faith, to each of whose names the people cry out: "Eternal Memory!" In 842, Theodora reversed her late-husband’s earlier revision and restored the veneration of icons, which thus began the feast of the Triumph of Orthodoxy. The Feast is kept in memory of the final defeat of iconoclasm and the restoration of the icons to the churches. Autocephaly recognized universally de facto, by some Autocephalous Churches de jure: Autocephaly recognized by Constantinople and 3 other Autocephalous Churches: The Feast of Orthodoxy (also knowns as the Sunday of Orthodoxy or the Triumph of Orthodoxy) is celebrated on the first Sunday of Great Lent (six Sundays before Pascha) in the liturgical calendar of the Eastern Orthodox Church and of the Byzantine Rite Eastern Catholic Churches. Contact information. MLA citation. was proclaimed for each member of the Romanov Dynasty; all are cursed who deny the divine right of kings and all who "dare to stir up insurrection and rebellion against it". [1], Despite the teaching about icons defined at the Seventh Ecumenical Council in 787, the iconoclasts began to trouble the Church again. This Synodikon begins with the memory of certain saints, confessors and heroes of the faith, to each of whose names the people cry out: "Eternal Memory!" In the Name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit. However, later in the same century, Empress Theodora proclaimed the restoration of icon worship, an event which is still celebrated in the Orthodox Catholic Church today as the ‘Feast of Orthodoxy’. They are not optional devotional extras, but an integral part of Orthodox faith and devotion. St. John of Damascus was one of the most prominent of these. Great Lent ... (717-741) and ending in the reign of Theophilus (829-842). Lecture on the Occasion of the Feast of the Sunday of Orthodoxy Pan-Orthodox Vespers, St. Elias Eastern Orthodox Church, Battle Creek , Michigan Sunday, March 4, 2001. 814-842 - The Second Iconoclast Schism - 814 and 842. In this way, though its first occasion is not forgotten, the feast has become one in honour of Orthodox Christianity in general. In 811, the Byzantine army, led by Emperor Nikephoros I (r. 802–811), was ambushed in Bulgaria, and the Emperor was killed in the devastating defeat. [CDATA[ Once the procession arrives at the place, the Synodikon (decree of the Synod of Constantinople) is proclaimed aloud by the deacon. three times. Emperor Leo III the Isaurian (reigned 717–741) banned the use of icons of Jesus, Mary, and the saints and commanded the destruction of these images in 730. Home / Orthodoxy / The Orthodox Faith / Volume III - Church History / Ninth Century / . The Synod decreed that a perpetual feast on the anniversary of that day should be observed each year on the First Sunday of Great Lent, and named the day, "the Sunday of Orthodoxy" (ἡ Κυριακὴ τῆς Ὀρθοδοξίας).[2]. On 19 Feb., 842, the images were brought in solemn procession back to the churches. In Russia politics have their place in the Synodikon; the emperor and his family are acclaimed; all are cursed who deny the divine right of the Russian monarchy and all who "dare to stir up insurrection and rebellion against it". "This is the victory that overcomes the world, our faith" (1 John 5:4). HELL. Vol. "Feast of Orthodoxy." Icons are restored to eastern churches with solemn processions on the first Sunday of Lent following the iconoclast wars, an event that will later be observed as the “Feast of Orthodoxy.” Authority for the date: Fortescue, Adrian. ... (842–867), iconoclasm was definitively vanquished. A perpetual feast on the anniversary of that day was ordained by the Synod of Constantinople, and is one of the great feasts of … perpetuo consensu (Cologne, 1648); NILLES, Kalendarium manuale (2nd ed., Innsbruck, 1897), 101-18. The text of the Canon, Synodikon, etc., and the rubrics will be found in either Triodion, Orthodox or Uniat. ORTHODOX SUNDAY - ( Feast of the Triumph of Orthodoxy, Sunday of Orthodoxy) The first Sunday of Lent which celebrates the restoration of the icons to the churches in 842. This occurred on 11 March, 843 (which that year was the first Sunday of Lent). After the Orthros and before the holy Liturgy a procession is made with crosses and pictures to some destined spot (often merely round the church). The Synodicon used by Greek-Catholics tends to omit a large number of these names. They all expected that this Year of Our Lord of 1918 would be a glorious Triumph of all of Orthodoxy, as has not been since the year 842, when the feast day of the … Originally commemorating only the defeat of iconoclasm, the commemoration has gradually come to be understood in a more general sense as opposition to all heterodoxy. Fear of idolatry had led to an official proscription against icons in 730. The Orthodox acclaim Photius, Cerularius, other anti-Roman patriarchs and many schismatical emperors. Imprimatur. A perpetual feast on the anniversary of that day was ordained by the Synod of Constantinople, and is one of the great feasts of … The heretics comprise all the old offenders of any reputation, Arians, Nestorians, Monophysites, Monothelites, Iconoclasts, and so on. [3] Icons are held by the Orthodox to be a necessary consequence of Christian faith in the Incarnation of the Word (John 1:14), Jesus Christ. After Theophilus's death, his widow the Empress Theodora (celebrated Feb. 11), together with the Patriarch Methodius (June 14), established Orthodoxy anew. The Uniat Synodikon is purged of these names. The first Sunday of the Great Forty days (Lent) in the Byzantine Calendar (sixth Sunday before Easter), kept in memory of the final defeat of Iconoclasm and the restoration of the holy icons to the churches on 19 February (which was the first Sunday of Lent), 842 (see ICONOCLASM). Icons are considered by Orthodox Christians to have a sacramental character, making present to the believer the person or event depicted on them. After Theophilus's death, his widow the Empress Theodora (celebrated Feb. 11), together with the Patriarch Methodius (June 14), established Orthodoxy anew. The First Sunday of Great Lent originally commemorated the Prophets such as Moses, Aaron, and Samuel. FEAST DAYS. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. After the death of the last iconoclast emperor, Theophilos, his young son Michael III, with his mother the regent Theodora, and Patriarch Methodios, summoned the Synod of Constantinople in 843 to bring peace to the Church. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11330b.htm. In this way, though its first occasion is not forgotten, the feast has become one in honour of the true Faith in general. Major Feast Days. Ecclesiastical approbation. 814 - Emperor Leo V - forbad images. Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary. //]]> http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11330b.htm. On the First Sunday of Great Lent, February 24/ March 8, 2020, the Patriarchate celebrated as ‘Parresia’ at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre the commemoration of the restoration of the Holy Icons by the Empress Theodora and her son Michael in 842, during the Patriarchal Office of … February 1, 1911. The Feast of Orthodoxy (also knowns as the Sunday of Orthodoxy or the Triumph of Orthodoxy) is celebrated on the first Sunday of Great Lent (six Sundays before Pascha) in the liturgical calendar of the Eastern Orthodox Church and Greek-Catholics (Eastern Catholics of Byzantine rite).The Feast is kept in memory of the final defeat of Iconoclasm and the restoration of the icons to the churches. The editor of New Advent is Kevin Knight. The Orthodox acclaim Photius, Michael Cerularius, other anti-Roman patriarchs and many emperors. They curse Pope Honorius among the Monothelites, the opponents of Hesychasm. three times. On February 19, 842, the images were brought in solemn procession back to the churches. Meanwhile, a Canon, attributed to St. Theodore of Studium, is sung. The Feast of Orthodoxy (also knowns as the Sunday of Orthodoxy or the Triumph of Orthodoxy) is celebrated on the first Sunday of Great Lent (six Sundays before Pascha) in the liturgical calendar of the Eastern Orthodox Church and of the Byzantine Rite Eastern Catholic Churches. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Douglas J. Potter. The Orthodox Eastern Church. Then follows a long list of heretics of all kinds, to each of which the answer is: "Anathema" once or thrice. This was the first "Feast of Orthodoxy", kept again in memory of that event on the first Sunday of Lent every year throughout the Byzantine Church. The restoration of the icons in the holy Churches… At the end of the first session, all made a triumphal procession from the Church of Blachernae to Hagia Sophia, restoring the icons to the church. Fortescue, Adrian. The name "Orthodoxy" has gradually affected the character of the feast. Orthodoxy, Feast of - Eastern feast that commemorates the restoration of the holy icons to the churches in 842 Orvieto - Diocese in central Italy O Salutaris Hostia - Hymn used for the Benediction of the Most Blessed Sacrament Osee - The prophet and his book The name "Orthodoxy" has gradually affected the character of the feast. This was the first "Feast of Orthodoxy", kept again in memory of that event on the first Sunday of Lent every year throughout the Byzantine Church. The Feast is kept in memory of the final defeat of iconoclasm and the restoration of the icons to the churches. It is the triumph of Orthodoxy over iconoclasm and other heresies. On the first Sunday of Great Lent we celebrate the Triumph of Orthodoxy, a feast that was established in the year 842 to mark the final defeat of the Iconoclast heresy. Autocephalous Churches who are officially part of the communion: Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia, 1st Sunday of Great Lent—Sunday of Orthodoxy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Feast_of_Orthodoxy&oldid=961654261, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Articles incorporating text from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 June 2020, at 17:59. (or Sunday of Orthodoxy) The first Sunday of the Great Forty days (Lent) in the Byzantine Calendar (sixth Sunday before Easter), kept in memory of the final defeat of Iconoclasm and the restoration of the holy icons to the churches on 19 February (which was the first Sunday of Lent), 842 (see ICONOCLASM). Theotokos. The feast is still celebrated each year on the first Sunday of Lent. Calendar to look up the feast days for the Saints mentioned *The Byzantine Empire’s borders were constantly shifting, but during the 8th and 9th centuries covered an area roughly corresponding to modern-day Greece and Turkey, plus the southern tips of Italy. As a souvenir of this event, the Sunday of Orthodoxy was established. Originally commemorating only the defeat of Iconoclasm, the word was gradually understood in a more general sense as opposition to all heterodoxy. The format used by the Russian Orthodox Church differs slightly from that used among the Greek Orthodox: during the monarchy, the Emperor and his family were acclaimed, and "Eternal Memory!" Feast of Orthodoxy, feast celebrated on the first Sunday of Lent by the Eastern Orthodox Church and Eastern Catholics of the Byzantine Rite to commemorate the return of icons (sacred images) to the churches (843) and the end of the long iconoclastic controversy. The second phase started with Emperor Leo V, the Armenian, and ended when the Feast of Orthodoxy was established in 842 under Empress Theodora. Then comes again "Eternal Memory" to certain pious emperors, from Constantine on. Fortescue, A. The first Sunday of the Great Forty days ( Lent) in the Byzantine Calendar (sixth Sunday before Easter ), kept in memory of the final defeat of Iconoclasm and the restoration of the holy icons to the churches on 19 February (which was the first Sunday of Lent ), 842 (see ICONOCLASM ). (From the Synodikon of Orthodoxy) More on the Feast of Orthodoxy. However, the Orthodox always make a clear doctrinal distinction between the veneration (proskynesis) paid to icons and the worship (latria) which is due to God alone. The debate involved important issues: the character of Christ's human nature, the Christian attitude towards matter, and the true meaning of Christian redemption. Each of the Sundays of Great Lent has its own special theme. The name of this Sunday reflects the great significance which icons possess for the Orthodox Church. They curse Honorius among the Monothelites, the opponents of Hesychasm. Regrettably, I can't reply to every letter, but I greatly appreciate your feedback — especially notifications about typographical errors and inappropriate ads. The restoration was effected by Empress Theodora after the death … SO A WOMAN CONSIDERED A TEACHER BROUGHT BACK IDOLS !! New York: Robert Appleton Company. The "Second Iconoclasm" was between 814 and 842. A perpetual feast on the anniversary of that day was ordained by the Synod of … A perpetual feast on the anniversary of that day was ordained by the Synod of Constantinople, and is one of the great feasts of … . Remy Lafort, S.T.D., Censor. This was the first “ Feast of Orthodoxy “, kept again in memory of that event on the first Sunday of Lent every year throughout the Byzantine Church. Finally, when the Church received its freedom under Saint Theodora the Empress, the Saint ascended the patriarchal throne of Constantinople in 842. Upon the death of Theophilus in 842, Theodora came to power as the regent for her son Michael and ended the iconoclastic policies of her husband in 843 with the backing of a church council. And the rubrics will be found in either Triodion, Orthodox or Uniat Cerularius., as well as minor differences between the Orthodox acclaim Photius, Michael Cerularius, other anti-Roman patriarchs many... 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